Considering the growth of population and economy, sustainable resource management and sustainable consumption and production are crucial to achieve sustainable development and ensure our prosperity. Resource efficiency plays key roles in materializing sustainable resource management, and its improvement significantly contributes to marine plastic litter issues, which are the likely cause of various impacts on the environment, human health and our livelihoods. Global concerted action is required to address these issues.
Resource Efficiency, including plastic issues and other related themes, has been intensively discussed at various international fora such as G20, G7, the United Nations General Assembly, and the United Nations Environment Assembly, as well as discussions on SDGs. At the G20 Hamburg summit in July 2017, the G20 Resource Efficiency Dialogue was established and the "G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter" was launched. In UNEA4, the international community adopted various resolutions relevant to resource efficiency such as resolution 4/2 on Innovation pathways to achieve sustainable consumption and production; 4/7 on Marine plastic litter and microplastics; and 4/10 on Addressing single-use plastic products pollution. Momentum for actions for resource efficiency, especially marine plastic issues, has been growing recently.
Through the G20 Resource Efficiency Dialogue, the G20 will cooperate more closely on the efficient and sustainable use of natural resources, and exchange views and experiences on policy options and good practice examples for resource efficiency along the entire lifecycle of natural resources, products and infrastructure. The inaugural dialogue was held in 2017 under the German presidency and the 2nd dialogue was held in 2018 under the Argentina presidency together with international organizations, businesses, academia, civil society and other stakeholders. The dialogue will support the transition to a sustainable and efficient use of all natural resources along their entire lifecycle, and contribute to poverty eradication as a platform to share knowledge, advance options for resource efficiency and promote sustainable consumption and production patterns.
With this as a background, the G20 members agreed to utilize the dialogue to continue to share actions, achievements, and best practices as well as to develop a roadmap of the dialogue under the Japanese presidency at the G20 Ministerial Meeting on Energy Transitions and Global Environment for Sustainable Growth, Karuizawa (hereafter G20 EEMM 2019). At the G20 EEMM 2019, the G20 members recognized and reiterated the contributions of resource efficiency improvement to addressing a wide range of environmental challenges, enhancing competitiveness and economic growth, managing resources sustainably, and creating jobs as well as the significance of policies and science-based approaches in policy-making, collaborating with relevant initiatives and stakeholders.
The G20 also agreed to facilitate the implementation of the "G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter" launched at the G20 Hamburg Summit in 2017 based on the "G20 Implementation Framework for Actions on Marine Plastic Litter" which was one of the outcomes of the G20 EEMM 2019 and which was then endorsed by the leaders at the G20 Osaka Summit. It was also agreed to share and update information on relevant policies, plans, and measures in line with the G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter on a voluntary basis and to utilize the opportunity of the G20 Resource Efficiency Dialogue during the Japanese Presidency to carry out first information sharing based on the above framework.
In light of these results, the G20 Resource Efficiency Dialogue 2019 will be organized in Tokyo, Japan, on 8-11 October 2019.